Craftsman 12" question

Bi11Hudson

Artificer00
H-M Supporter Gold Member
Joined
Feb 13, 2017
Messages
1,375
The photo shows both pins as described above. But as to which is which, therein lies the question. . .

The "inner" pin, below the rim of the gear, is a "dog" pin to use the back gears. Pull out to release, maybe 3/16-1/4 inch. Do not remove it, there is a detent when it's out enough. Do this before engaging the back gears. Reinsertion is not so easy, the spindle must be rotated a ways to find a hole for it to plug into. I think there are four, I never bothered to count. Almost a guaranteed pinch if your mind is somewhere else.

The second is attached to the frame of the headstock. It is for a "primitive" indexer. There are 60 holes around the edge of the gear. Any number that will divide evenly into 60 is achievable. DO NOT power on the machine with this pin engaged. If the machine is started with this pin engaged, it will snap off, damaging the machine. Handy for scribing indeces and with a toolpost Dremel, capable of primitive milling.

The 60 holes is for an Atlas 10 inch / Craftsman 12 inch. The 6 inch machines may have them, but a different number. The gears and original pins are ZAMAK, a Zinc/aluminium alloy. The alloy is not so strong as steel and will fail easily if jammed. This applies especially to the gear. It is not currently available, so I've been told. Replacement will be a PITA on a good day.

In both cases, the machine should be powered off. Be sure the switch is clear of anything that can start up the motor. The dog pin for the back gears is the more hazardous of the two. Very easy to get your hand squeezed or crushed if the machine moves. My machine (101.27440) has a drum switch mounted on the front of the chip pan, very easy to bump. The stock switch is not so dangerous, but still a hazard.

.
 

woodchucker

Registered
Registered
Joined
Nov 25, 2015
Messages
2,410
As pdentrum said pull the pin & engage the lever for using the back-gears. Also, I highly recommend unplugging the lathe while doing this maneuver. Your fingers are in a very vulnerable position either pulling it out or pushing it back in. I've pinched a finger just moving the spindle with my left hand while reseating the pin with my right.
Mike
Oh BS.. I never unplug to change to backgear or reverse.
 

wa5cab

Downloads Moderator
Staff member
H-M Lifetime Diamond Member
Joined
Dec 25, 2011
Messages
9,282
All of the gears in an Atlas built machine are Zamak V except for those in the QCGB. If they weren't there probably would be no Atlas machines around. However, most if not all pins in an Atlas are steel. The reason that the indexing pin is relatively easy to shear off is that it is quite small, not that it is made of Zamak. The gear that can shear it off is made of Zamak.

The proper name for the 2-position pin the you pull out for operating in Back Gear is "Direct Drive Pin".
 

markba633csi

Registered
Registered
Joined
Apr 30, 2015
Messages
7,126
Unplugging the lathe before engaging/disengaging backgears might be a bit overdoing it in the safety department, but make very sure you can't accidentally turn on the motor while your fingers are in a risky place
-Mark
 

jwmelvin

H-M Supporter - Gold Member
H-M Supporter Gold Member
Joined
Jan 11, 2018
Messages
797
I often chuckle to myself for imagining the worst when I rely on machines not turning themselves on. Like reaching into a garbage disposal, etc. I think since the 80s movie Maximum Overdrive where machines came to life, it’s always been in the back of my mind.
 

MikeInOr

H-M Supporter - Silver Member
H-M Supporter - Silver Member
Joined
Jan 1, 2018
Messages
626
I always pull the plug before disengaging or reengaging the "direct drive pin" on my Atlas lathe. At least that is my story and I am sticking to it!
 

wa5cab

Downloads Moderator
Staff member
H-M Lifetime Diamond Member
Joined
Dec 25, 2011
Messages
9,282
My Atlas 3996 has two holes located 180 degrees apart. I have never seen the Bull Gear drawing so I do not know whether this is and has been true of all 10" and 12" since the beginning. But mark both of them if two are present. And don't make any effort to always use the same one. The cabinet models have a 2-groove pulley and next to the bull gear is a flat area where it is convenient to use a center punch for a permanent locator. If I had a 10" or bench model 12", I think that I would loosen the set screw in the bull bear and move it away from the pulley and use a triangular file to make a permanent locator groove in the front edge of the pulley. If you only use a black felt-tipped marker, it will eventually fade away.

And don't forget to slide the bull gear back against the pulley and re-tighten the set screw.
 
It can take up to an hour for ads to appear on the page. See our code implementation guide for more details. If you already have Auto ad code on your pages there's no need to replace it with this code
Top
AdBlock Detected

We get it, advertisements are annoying!

Sure, ad-blocking software does a great job at blocking ads, but it also blocks useful features of our website. For the best site experience please disable your AdBlocker.

I've Disabled AdBlock